"Live by God's Every Word"  Ma 4.4

Was Babylon, Iraq,
"Utterly Destroyed"?

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The FINAL FALL will be Suddenly, Violently, Totally


"The LORD has opened His armory
And  has brought forth the weapons of His indignation, For it is a work of the Lord GOD of hosts
In the land of the Chaldeans...utterly destroy her, Let nothing be left to her."  Jeremiah 50:25-26


"...and say, 'Just so shall Babylon sink down and not rise again..."   Jeremiah 51:64


DID THAT HAPPEN?

BELOW: Read the 4 historical accounts

There are Four (4) Historical Records of the Fall of Babylon of Chaldea

1. Daniel... his report, and his action

1. BIBLE (Book of Daniel)
Daniel 10:1-4
The fall of Babylon is recorded in Daniel chapter 5. It correlates well with

the three secular sources that follow. But the fact that Daniel was well read in the prophecies of Jeremiah (Daniel 9:2), and therefore the Jeremiah

prophecies about Babylon where Daniel lived, then he would have

known of God's command to flee Babylon at her FINAL destruction

(Jer 50:8; 51:6-9). Daniel was an obedient servant of the Lord and

held high in the eyes of the Lord (Dan 10:11; Eze 14:14, 20), yet

why didn't Daniel flee Babylon as commanded by the Lord?

The simple answer: The Babylon of Daniel's day-- Babylon of Chaldea (Iraq)--

did not meet its Final Destruction at that time, and Daniel KNEW IT!

2. Cyrus... his report, and his action

"…on October 13, 539…the troops of Cyrus entered Babylon without battle...Babylon was well treated by Cyrus...on October 29 Cyrus himself entered Babylon.


Branches were spread in his path, and he proclaimed peace to everyone in the city."


"Founder Cyrus." A. T. Olmstead. History of the Persian Empire. Chicago. The University of Chicago Press. Phoenix Books. 1948, reprint 1963, pp. 50-51.      

ABOVE: The Persians took ancient Babylon in a relatively peaceful conquest. Babylon was not "utterly destroyed."

BELOW: The last king of Babylon, Nebonidus (who entrusted the kingship to his son, Belshazzar of Daniel 5 in a sort of "leave of absence"), and the famouse Greek historian, Herodotus, recount the 539 BC Fall of Babylon of Chaldea with further details.

3. Nebonidus... his report

The army of Cyrus entered Babylon without a battle . The temple services and rituals were not suspended or interrupted. On the third day of the month Cyrus entered Babylon.
There was peace in the city while Cyrus spoke a message of greeting to to the people of Babylon.

Part of Babylonian Chronicles

4. Herodotus... his report

 …the Persians came upon them by surprise and so took the city. Owing to the vast size of the place, the inhabitants of the central parts (as the residents at Babylon declare) long after the outer portions of the town were taken

knew nothing of what had [happened], but as they were engaged in a festival, continued dancing and reveling until they [learned of the capture with certainty]. Such, then, were the circumstances of the first taking of Babylon.”

Herodotus in The History of the Persian Wars 430  BCE.  (I.191)

History is of one voice on the "peaceful" conquest of ancient Babylon.


That DID NOT HAPPEN


Therefore, The FINAL FALL is still to be Fulfilled in the Future--Suddenly, Violently, Totally...This is still to happen in a Rebuilt Babylon.

BABYLON--the Prediction has not yet happened

"The LORD has opened His armory
And  has brought forth the weapons of His indignation, For it is a work of the Lord GOD of hosts
In the land of the Chaldeans...utterly destroy her,
Let nothing be left to her."   Jeremiah 50:25-26

"...and say, 'Just so shall Babylon sink down and not rise again..."   Jeremiah 51:64

These prophecies have never been fulfilled!
(therefore, Babylon must Rise Again)

PHOTOGRAPHIC PROOF  below

                                                                    

Like Sodom & Gomorrah? NOT YET!

RIGHT: Babylon of Chaldea (Iraq) today.

FAR RIGHT: The general site of Sodom and Gomorrah today. Associates For Biblical Research
https://biblearchaeology.org/research/patriarchal-era/2364-the-discovery-of-the-sin-cities-of-sodom-and-gomorrah

QUESTION: Does Babylon, which is prophesied to be destroyed in the same
manner as Sodom and Gomorrah,
                                    LOOK LIKE SODOM AND GOMORRAH?


"As when God overthrew Sodom And Gomorrah with its neighbors"

NOTES:

THERE ARE 4 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF FALL OF BABYLON...

 

        1. The BIBLE


        2. CYRUS CYLINDER
       

        3. NABONIDUS CHRONICLE (part of Babylonian Chronicles)
       

        4. HEROTODUS
 

1. BIBLE (Book of Daniel)
Daniel 10:1-4
The fall of Babylon is recorded in Daniel chapter 5. It correlates well with

the three secular sources below. But the fact that Daniel was well read in

the prophecies of Jeremiah (Daniel 9:2), and therefore the Jeremiah

prophecies about Babylon where Daniel lived, then he would have

known of God's command to flee Babylon at her FINAL destruction

(Jer 50:8; 51:6-9). Daniel was an obedient servant of the Lord and

held high in the eyes of the Lord (Dan 10:11; Eze 14:14, 20), yet

why didn't Daniel flee Babylon as commanded by the Lord?

The simple answer: The Babylon of Daniel's day-- Babylon of Chaldea (Iraq)--

did not meet its Final Destruction at that time, and Daniel KNEW IT!


2. ACTUAL TEXT TRANSLATION OF CYRUS CYLINDER
https://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_

details.aspx?objectId=327188&partId=1
The British Museum, Collection online, The Cyrus Cylinder, 90920
The following translation (by Michalowski) is given by Chavalas (ed.) 2006.
Marduk, the great lord, leader of his people, looked happily at the good

deeds and steadfast mind of Cyrus and ordered him to march to his own

city Babylon, set him on the road to Babylon, ... allowed him to enter

Babylon without battle or fight, sparing his own city of Babylon from hardship,

and delivered Nabonidus, who had not worshipped him, into his hands.
    All the people of Babylon, the entire land of Sumer and Akkad, rulers and

princes, bowed down to him, kissed his feet, and rejoiced at his rule, filled

with delight. They happily greeted him as the lord,... they praised his name.
    I am Cyrus, king of the world, great king, mighty king, king of Babylon, ...
    After entering Babylon in peace, amidst joy and jubilation ... My teeming

army paraded about Babylon in peace, and I did not allow any trouble in all ...

I took great care to peacefully (protect) the city of Babylon and its cult places.

(And) as for

the citizens of Babylon … ... I released them from their weariness and loosened

their burden.


3. ACTUAL TEXT TRANSLATION OF NABONIDUS CHRONICLE
[Part of Babylonian Chronicles]  
https://www.livius.org/sources/content/mesopotamian-chronicles

-content/abc-7-nabonidus-chronicle/
On the sixteenth day, Ugbaru, governor of Gutium, and the army of

Cyrus, without battle they entered Babylon. Afterwards, after Nabonidus

retreated, he was captured in Babylon. Until the end of the month,

the shield-(bearing troops) from Gutium surrounded the gates of Esagil.

(But) interruption (of rites) in Esagil or the (other) temples there was not

, and no date (for a performance) was missed. On the third day of the

month Arahsamna, Cyrus entered Babylon.
The harû-vessels were filled before him. There was peace in the city while

Cyrus, (his) greeting to Babylon in its entirety spoke.


4. ACTUAL TEXT TRANSLATION OF HERODUTUS
Herodotus in The History of the Persian Wars 430  BCE.  (I.191)
" …the Persians came upon them by surprise and so took the city. Owing to

the vast size of the place, the inhabitants of the central parts (as the residents

at Babylon declare) long after the outer portions of the town were taken knew

nothing of what had [happened], but as they were engaged in a festival,

continued dancing and reveling until they [learned of the capture with certainty].

Such, then, were the circumstances of the first taking of Babylon.”

 


By 539 BC, however, the Babylonians were defeated by the armies of Cyrus

the Great, king of the Persians and Medes. The city of Babylon itself was not

destroyed on that occasion in 539 BC, and in fact it continued to thrive and

remain a key city of the Persian Empire for many years. It even became the

richest satrapy in the empire and was regarded by Herodotus as the world's

most splendid city. 

Dr. J. Paul Tanner, Daniel: Introduction Archaeol. Rediscovery of Babylon
May 14, 2002 App. P.1, Ancient Babylon: From Gradual Demise To

Archaeological Rediscovery, http://paultanner.org/English%20Docs/Daniel/

Introductory/App%20P%20-%20Archaeological%20Backgrd.pdf


Daniel was reading Jeremiah (Dan 9:1-2). But he did not come out of Babylon

as commanded in Jer 51:6, 45; thus, this was NOT the LAST FALL OF BABYLON,

for Daniel is noted in the Bible as one of God's most obedient servants

( Eze 14:14; 14:20; 28:3, i.e., "Noah, Daniel, and Job ...by their righteousness.")

Cyrus marched his troops into Babylon...absorb[ing] the Chaldean empire with

little struggle.

World History To 1648, Harper-Collins College Outline Series, p.41

 

"Babylon, indeed, will be permanently destroyed...but this has not happened yet...

This, however, will require that Babylon somehow be restored to its former

magnificence and prominence...[Babylon] has never actually died, even in a

physical sense, and the great prophecies of her utter desolation in Isaiah and

Jeremiah have never yet been really fulfilled. But they will be!"

Henry Morris, The Revelation Record, Tyndale House Publishers, Wheaton, IL, 1983, p.332, 340.

 

[Cyrus, on the Cyrus Cylinder] adds that he entered Babylon "as a friend," that

his "numerous troops walked around...in peace," and liberated the people of

Babylon from servitude.

Gonzalo Baez-Camargo, Archaeological Commentary On The Bible, 1984, Doubleday & Company, Garden City, NY, p. 128.

 

In an inscription concerning his seizure of Babylon, Cyrus says: "When I entered

Babylon as a friend and (when) I established the seat of the government in the

palace of the ruler under jubilation and rejoicing, Marduk [Babylonian god]...

[induced] the magnamimous inhabitants of Babylon [to love me]...My numerous

troops walked around in Babylon in peace, I did not allow anybody to terrorize...

I strove for peace in Babylon and in all his other sacred cities." He adds that

he abolished the yoke of the Babylonians and put an end to their complaints.

Gonzalo Baez-Camargo, Archaeological Commentary On The Bible, 1984, Doubleday & Company, Garden City, NY, p. 163.

 

Babylon fell without a fight before the military genius of the Achaemenid Persian

king Cyrus the Great...

The Random House Encyclopedia, Mitchell & Stein, eds., 1983, Random House, NY, p. 959.

 

...Cyrus was determined to be a benevolent, rather than a heavy-handed, ruler:

He pointed out that after his conquest of Babylon he did not allow his troops to

terrorize the city. Cyrus's record fully substantiates this generous and tolerant

stance. He returned stolen images to their sanctuaries and, in his own words,

"gathered all their inhavitants and returned (to them) their dwellings."

Archaeological Study Bible, 2005, Zondervan Corporation, Grand Rapids, MI, p. 679.

 

According to the Babylonian Chronicle, Cyrus's army entered Babylon without

a battle on October 12, 539 B.C. Cyrus himself entered the city 17 days later...

he now controlled the entirety of Mesopotamia...

Archaeological Study Bible, 2005, Zondervan Corporation, Grand Rapids, MI, p. 669.

 

In 539 .BC., after defeating the Babylonians at the northern defense wall

[ 20 miles north of Babylon, p. 1077] , Cyrus the Great and his Medo-Persian

army entered Babylon without a contest. The Babylonian Chronicle describes

the fall of Babylon to Cyrus.

Archaeological Study Bible, 2005, Zondervan Corporation, Grand Rapids, MI, p. 1077.

 

...the Babylonian regime was unpopular, and the people seem to have welcomed

Cyrus as a liberator...It is certain, however, that Babylon fell suddenly. Herodotus

is correct in stating that the Euphrates bisected the city, and the Nabonidus

Chronicle confirms that it fell without a battle. Thus the account [by Herodotus]

about diverting the Euphrates may be true. Both Daniel 5 and Herodotus

ndicate that Babylon fell during a rowdy festival. Herodotus stated: "Owing to

the sheer size of the city, so say the inhabitants, those in the outlying areas

were captured without those in the center knowing about it."

Archaeological Study Bible, 2005, Zondervan Corporation, Grand Rapids, MI, p. 1283.

 

"...Babylon was taken, again without putting up any resistance...Cyrus himself

entered the city of Babylon about a fornight after it had been taken. There

was no looting, nothing was destroyed, and the temples, the gods, private

property and the palace were all respected."

Anton Gill, The Rise And Fall Of Babylon, Gateway Of The Gods, 2008, Metro Books, New York, NY,  p. 173.

 

[According to the Babylonian Chronicles] Nabonidus Chronicle: (539 B.C.E.)

the Persians inflicted a defeat on the Babylonians at the city of Opis, captured

Sippar and then occupied Babylon without a battle and took Nabonidus prisoner

(Grayson, pp. 109 f., col. III, lines 5-15). The chronicle goes on to state that

there was no interruption of the rites in Babylonian temples and that when

Cyrus entered Babylon he pronounced words of greeting to all inhabitants of

the city.

Encyclopaedia Iranica [spelling theirs]
http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/babylonian-chronicles

 

So quietly and quickly was the city taken on the night of Belshazzar's Feast

by draining the river that flowed through the city, and entering by the river

bed, and the gates that were mounted on its banks, that the Babylonian guards had

forgotten to lock that night, that some of the inhabitants did not know until the

"third" day that the king had been slain and the city taken. There was no

destruction of the city at that time.

Clarence Larkin, Dispensational Truth, 1918, Rev. Clarence Larkin Est., Glenside, PA, p. 142.

 

Singularly analogous is Aristotle's 'fact' (Politics 3.1276a, 28-30) that when

Babylon was conquered by the Persians, part of the city had still not heard

even a rumour of this after three days.

Mario Liverani, Imagining Babylon, 2016, Walter de Gruyter Inc., Boston/Berlin, sec. 1.1.
https://books.google.com/books?id=1IWHDAAAQBAJ&pg=PT38&lpg=PT38&dq=Hawkal+Islamic+geographer+babylon

+hilla&source=bl&ots=3yjQH4AXRx&sig=ACfU3U2ycweomwj51

LxVRPFJ9R6nt0Oi0w&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiTqY6ujs

TgAhWHhVQKHYKRCUMQ6AEwDXoECAAQAQ#v

=onepage&q=Hawkal%20Islamic%20geographer%20babylon%20hilla&f=false


Cyrus (or his generals) devised a plan to use the Euphrates as the mode of entry to the city, ordering large camps of troops at each point and instructed them to wait for the signal. Awaiting an evening of a national feast among Babylonians (generally thought to refer to the feast of Belshazzar mentioned in Daniel V), Cyrus' troops diverted the Euphrates river upstream, causing the Euphrates to drop to about 'mid thigh level on a man' or to dry up altogether. The soldiers marched under the walls through the lowered water. The Persian army conquered the outlying areas of the city's interior while a majority of Babylonians at the city center were oblivious to the breach. The account was elaborated upon by Herodotus, and is also mentioned by passages in the Hebrew Bible.
http://wikimapia.org/1857784/Babylon

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