"Live by God's Every Word"  Ma 4.4

The Visitors who ("pass through") Babylon

 Her cities ... A land in which no man lives, And through which no son of man passes. (Jeremiah 51:43


(therefore, Babylon must Rise Again)


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120 years of Photographs of Babylon Visitors

Those who "pass through" Babylon

People who "Pass-through" the Babylon original Ishtar Gate built by Nebuchadnezzar in the 6th-century BC, seen in one of its first recovery photos in 1900-1912 (top-left), with two Arab visitors in 1932 (top-right, bottom-left), and (bottom right) a 1971 filming crew and tourist.

Babylon has been the focus of travelers, explorers, and visitors for 2500 years.

1817 Map records path of Visitors through Babylon

As far back as 1817-1820 Robert Kerr Porter created a map of the site of Babylon on an exploratory expedition.

The map-portion on the RIGHT shows 2 roads with the label "Road through the ruins [of Babylon] and to the different Villages", and "Road to Bagdad".

Both roads route right through the site of ancient Babylon, obviously for Visitors, Explorers, and local inhabitants.
Note the outlines of the wall-remains that the roads pass through.

The visitor's destinations took them not only to Hillah, itself an offshoot town of Babylon, but also to several Arab villages built on the grounds of the ruins of Babylon.

In 1914 an Arab shop set up to serve Inhabitants & Visitors

ABOVE: An Arab shop for Visitors to Babylon in 1914 (on early postcard).

This would not be possible if Babylon has met its Final Fall.

Babylon must Rise Again for its Final Fall to fulfill the prophecies of its absolute absence of Inhabitants, Arab dwellers, and Visitors.

Visitors to the "Babylon Lion" at Babylon site, about 1899

ABOVE: Arab Visitors to the famous lion statue in Babylon in this vintage 1899-1908 stereoscopic photograph by Underwood and Underwood. Notice also the numerous Visitors in the background.
            Underwood & Underwood, stereoscopic photo, 1899-1908   

            UC Riverside, California Museum of Photography archives   

           [Location] Asia, Iraq, Babil, Latitude: 32 33 00 N, Longitude: 044 24 00 E, Babylon
EDITORS NOTE: These early-stage photographs were not taken in support of a Biblical agenda, but by secular sources-- explorers, archaeologists, and travelers-- with a focus on documenting the Middle East.

A Railway "passing through" Babylon in 1919

ABOVE: 1919 Photograph of the Babylon Railway. It was taken on the James Henry Breasted Mid East Expedition sponsored by the University of Chicago. The people on this official "Expedition" were among those who "pass through" (or are Visitors to) Babylon.

AFTER Babylon's Final Fall, there can be "no man pass through" it

ABOVE: American troops in 2003 at the Entenamemi Tower of Babel. For several years the U.S. and Polish were stationed at Babylon, and therefore those who "pass through", or "Visitors" to Babylon.

ABOVE: Students from Hillah who are Visitors to Babylon.

Hillah is the "outgrowth" city of Babylon.
It was founded on the ruins of Babylon in the 11th century AD, and built almost entirely from the stones of Babylon.

ABOVE: Long after the 1919 photograph of the Babylon Railway shown further up, here is the Railway to Babylon TODAY.

BELOW: More PHOTOGRAPHIC PROOF of Visitors who "pass through" Babylon , showing that Babylon's FINAL FALL is still Future!

From Google Earth

Crowds of Visitors at Babylon TODAY

Let's remind ourselves of the prophecy, that AFTER Babylon's Final Fall, it will become...
"A land in which no man lives, And through which no son of man passes." (Jeremiah 51:43

Now, note on the LEFT Babylon's Greek Theater rebuilt upon the stones of the original, and the crowds which "pass through" Babylon TODAY! Also note the Visitor-buses in the back parking lot.

Babylon's Final Fall, therefore, is still to come in the Future to fulfill the prophecy of Jeremiah 51:43.

LEFT: Visitors to the City-site of Babylon.

CONSIDER THIS: that this prophecy, and many of those in Jeremiah and Isaiah about Babylon, refer not only to the City, but often to the "LAND" of Babylon. That "LAND" is the southern portion of Iraq, Mesopotamia, ancient Chaldea-- today labeled on geographic and political maps by its official name as BABIL PROVINCE.
That is appropriate, since ancient historians, and many archaeological evidences today, identify Babylon far beyond its current archaeological site. The LAND is known as BABYLONIA.

Certainly modern city Hillah finds its root in the rubble of Babylon, and itself is often identified synonymously with Babylon, and is the capital city of Babil Province.
Visitors to Babylon include Visitors to Babylonia.

RIGHT: A "passer by", or Visitor--in this case, a visiting researcher-- at Babylon.

Notice the palm trees and greenery in a City and Land which, if Babylon has ever in the past fulfilled the prophecies of its Total Destruction, would be absolutely destitute of any vegetation.

In the case of this Photograph, we see Proof that Babylon of Chaldea, Iraq, still awaits its date with 3, possibly 4, aspects of the following prophecies,

It will never be [ 1 ] inhabited or lived in from generation to generation; Nor will the [ 2 ] Arab pitch his tent there...
"Her cities have become an object of horror, A [ 3 ] parched land and a desert, A land in which no man lives, And [ 4 ] through which no son of man passes.

(Isaiah 13:20: Jeremiah 51:43


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SCORES OF EXPLORERS AND ARCHAEOLOGISTS HAVE "PASSED BY" for hundreds of years...highways and adjacent cities have been built...

"But in the Babylonian-Assyrian region, practically every discovery has been due to strenuous labour with pick and spade ; our knowledge of Chaldea in its hey-day has literally been dug up piece by piece. The honour of beginning the great task of unearthing the buried cities of Mesopotamia belongs to M. Botta, who was French consul at Mosul in 1842." [These explorers and workers certainly qualified as "those who pass through" Babylon, i.e., Visitors, and many no doubt were actual inhabitants of the Arab villages built up over centuries on the actual archaeological grounds of the ancient city]
Modern Excavation In Babylonia And Assyria
https://www.wisdomlib.org/mesopotamian/book/myths-and-legends-of-babylonia-and-assyria/d/doc7174.html   Chapter XIV -

"I rode on an unfinished six-lane superhighway leading from the Persian Gulf toward Babylon...it was lined with many small parks..."
Joseph Chambers, A Palace For The Antichrist, 1996, [recording the author's personal visit to Babylon in 1992], New Leaf Press, Forest, AR,   p.70.

Now, the provincial government in Babil has seized control of much of Babylon — unlawfully, according to the State Board of Antiquities and Heritage — and opened a park beside a branch of the Euphrates River, a place that draws visitors by the busload.
It has begun to charge a fee to visit the looted shell of the grandiose palace that Mr. Hussein built in the 1980s, along with the hill it stands on. And it has refurbished a collection of buildings from the Hussein era and rented their rooms out as suites. For $175 a night Iraqis can honeymoon in a room advertised as one of Mr. Hussein’s bedrooms (though in truth, almost certainly a mere guest room).

“I would like to rebuild Babylon again for scientific research, not like Saddam,” he said as he guided visitors through the remains of Ishtar Gate with bas reliefs of Babylon’s gods; the Temple of Ninmakh; the Processional Way, with brick paving stones mortared with bitumen; and a symbol of Iraq itself, the Lion of Babylon, a 2,600-year-old sculpture.

In the early 20th century, when Iraq was ruled by British mandate, a railway ran through the remains of the ancient city. After the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003, military helicopters landed right on the site. The Polish military, part of the U.S.-led coalition, operated an army base in Babylon, building guard towers and erecting fences.
In Iraq, A Race To Protect The Crumbling Bricks Of Ancient Babylon, A U.S.-funded conservation project is shoring up the brick walls of the ancient city. The hope is that Babylon will qualify for UNESCO World Heritage status.;
Jane Arraf, Posted on November 24, 2018, Copyright 2019 NPR

On weekends, the site is often filled with Iraqi visitors.
In Iraq, A Race To Protect The Crumbling Bricks Of Ancient Babylon, A U.S.-funded conservation project is shoring up the brick walls of the ancient city. The hope is that Babylon will qualify for UNESCO World Heritage status.;
Jane Arraf, Posted on November 24, 2018, Copyright 2019 NPR

While international visitors are rare in Iraq today, thousands of Iraqis continue to visit.

Although travelers explored Babylon over the centuries, Robert Koldewey and the Deutsche Orient-Besellschaft from 1899 t0 1917 conducted the most extensive systematic excavations that revealed the ancient remains visible today.
Site Management Plan, Babylon Cultural Landscape and Archaeological City, Executive Summary, World Monuments Fund, 2015, New York, NY, p.10.

Thereafter, the continued use of these prepared areas for heavy vehicles, containers, and helicopters... [i.e., people, companies, organizations VISITING Babylon for various reasons... people who "pass through".]
damage assessments carried out between 2004 and 2009

...There are many towns, and thousands of villages [in 1859 passing through Babylon] along this portion [Babylon-Hilla] of the Euphrates. Date-groves commence at the Khabur, and belong to every village; but below Hillah the date-groves are nearly continuous for the next 200 miles or more to the sea.
Benjamin Wills Newton, Babylon: Its Revival And Final Desolation, Houlston & Wright, 1859, p.42

"...myriads of Asiatics, many Eutopeans have passed thereby [1859], and thoroughly examined the place."
Benjamin Wills Newton, (quoting a letter to the author from a man from India who had visited Babylon) in Babylon: Its Revival And Final Desolation, Houlston & Wright, 1859, p. 44-45.

In May of 2001, when this writer last visited the site of Babylon, the Iraqi government was working diligently to reconstruct many of the walls and ancient buildings, and in other ways to make the site accessible to visitors wishing to stroll through these pathways of old.
Dr. J. Paul Tanner, Daniel: Introduction Archaeol. Rediscovery of Babylon
May 14, 2002 App. P.1, Ancient Babylon: From Gradual Demise To Archaeological Rediscovery, http://paultanner.org/English%20Docs/Daniel/Introductory/App%20P%20-%20Archaeological%20Backgrd.pdf  

With stability gradually returning to the country after years of strife, tourists interested in Iraq’s rich history are trickling back ...Mohammed Taher, a tour guide at Babylon for decades, remembers Western tourists in the 1970s and 1980s would come to the ruins of the Tower of Babel at New Year’s to hold ceremonies commemorating its Biblical significance — even though all that’s left is a square-shaped grassy knoll.
Babylon ruins torn between preservation and profit, Published on 8 May 2010,  AP/Paul Schemm, http://www.cultureindevelopment.nl/News/Dossier_Heritage_Iraq/288/Babylon_ruins_torn_between_preservation_and_profit

            Iraqi social media erupts as clerics propose re-naming ancient city of Babylon
A statement released by the Imam Hassan organisation on Sunday said: “The festival will begin its activities on Monday in the middle of the city of Babel for three consecutive days in honour of the birth of Imam Hassan with international, official and local participation.”
“The choice of the name Imam Hassan for the city of Babel came after the generosity the people of this city [Babylon] show[ed] when receiving millions of people flocking from different parts of the world to visit Imam Hussein [shrine], especially considering that Babel is the principal gateway in the direction of [the holy Shia city of] Karbala,” the statement added.


Mohammed Taher, a tour guide at Babylon for decades, remembers Western tourists in the 1970s and 1980s would come to the ruins of the Tower of Babel  at New Year's to hold ceremonies commemorating its Biblical significance — even though all that's left is a square-shaped grassy knoll. [zigurrat-base Etemenanki]


"... buses of young people to arrive [at Babylon] from Baghdad, 85km to the north. They are mostly students, coming on what are ostensibly “culture” tours to visit the ancient remains.
The reality is that these trips let young people enjoy mixed company, escaping from the often strict norms of Iraqi society among the site’s river and gardens.


 "We re going to see a lot of visitors passing this way"
Quotation World Monuments Fund Video

            Will the tourists come?
The hope among tour operators like Bil Weekend is that the Unesco recognition will further boost Iraqi tourism, which has been gradually developing since 2017 when the country’s security situation started stabilising.
Babylon has been given a new lease of life by Iraqi tourists, reportedly now attracting up to 3,000 visitors each year.
Makhzomy hopes international tourists will soon start returning


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