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Revived Roman Empire

and the Prominence of the “EASTERN LEG”

Part 1


In the vision of the great metallic statue Daniel 2 predicts an End Time Revived Roman Empire symbolized in the 2 iron legs (and feet). Many prophecy teachers see a strictly “European” Revived Roman Empire.

However, I expect to see the Revived Roman Empire with a prominent Eastern Leg in union with the European Western Leg. That is, I expect to see the Middle East—in a prominent role—joined together with Europe as the Eastern and Western “legs” of the End Time Revived Roman Empire. The Europe-only Revived Roman Empire fits neither the Biblical prophecies or the historical record. An incorrect understanding of the Revived Roman Empire distorts our understanding of the signs of the End Time.

Following, in two parts, we present first the reasons for the Existence of the Eastern Leg, and second the evidence for the Prominence of the Eastern Leg in the coming Revived Roman Empire—the Empire of the Antichrist.

The Existence of the Eastern Leg in the Revived Roman Empire

It may seem unnecessary to give reasons for the existence of an Eastern leg in the Revived Roman Empire. After all, since the original Roman Empire is the key to understanding that empire’s “revival” it would seem obvious that both prophecy (2 legs) and history (2 divisions) testify to the Empire’s Eastern leg. Yet the rise of a Euro-centric view of the End Time Roman Empire, ignoring the prophetic-historical testimony, creates a blind spot to any relationship current events have to prophetic stage-setting in Europe and the Mid East. Here are 9 reasons for taking seriously the Existence of the Eastern Leg in the Revived Roman Empire.

1. Since Daniel 2:28-29 says that in the symbolic statue God is showing “what would take place in the future”, then we expect that statue to give an accurate and detailed foreview of the future. Since the “head” through the “legs” stages have already been precisely fulfilled in prophecy, we can see that the details of prophecy matter! And there are TWO "legs," not One leg.

2. A lesson we learn from the prophecies of nations is that nations retain their identities across time through “recognizable” territories. That is, they have definable geography and boundaries. When Isaiah 19:24 says,

“In that day Israel will be the third party with Egypt and Assyria, a blessing in the midst of the earth”

these 3 countries (Egypt, Israel and Assyria) are predicted to co-exist during the Millennium. If these 3 nations were not understood to be located where they have always been located, then the prophecy could never claim fulfillment since the nations would be unrecognizable.

Since we know that Israel is located “at the center of the nations” (Eze. 5:5; 38:12), then the phrase “midst of the earth” as it is applied to all 3 countries simply reaffirms that during the Millennium Assyria and Egypt will be where they have always been, in a recognizable location adjacent to Israel. Assyria and Egypt will be immediately north and south (respectively) of Israel, and thus all 3 nations located “in the midst of the earth.” Likewise we expect the Roman Empire to be “revived” in the Last Days as a recognizable political entity within its original territory.

3. When the Bible predicts the End Time existence of Persia (Eze. 38:5), Damascus (Isa. 17:1), Ammon (Dan. 11:41), and Beth-togarmah (Eze. 38:6), prophecy teachers understand this to mean that at the End Time, in respective order, Iran, Syria, Jordan and Turkey will exist. That is because we identify nations by recognizable (approximate) boundaries. There is every reason to expect the same for the End Time revival of the ancient West/East Roman Empire.

4. The DETAILS of the Daniel 2 Statue matter. Everybody expects the 10 toes to describe 10 divisions of Revived Rome. Why would the 2 legs not describe 2 divisions of the original Roman Empire, as well as its End Time revival?

5. The Daniel 2 Statue shows Greece as the “belly and thighs.” (v.32). The “thighs” and “legs” must match to make sense of the statue-vision. Just as the common referent between the legs and the feet is that there are two of each, so it is likewise with the thighs and legs. There are two of each. The historical “common-denominator” is that Greece had a European base (Greece-proper) and an Eastern “half,” which was Alexander the Great’s Empire that reached throughout the Middle East all the way to India. Extending from the Greek 2-thighs, the 2-legs continue the West-East match-up to the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire also had a European base (Italy) and an Eastern “half”, covering the entire Middle East all the way to Persia. For the ancient Roman Empire to have a recognizable revival, the Western and Eastern (Mid-East) halves would both be expected to “revive,” keeping intact the 2-thighs/2-legs symbolism of the prophetic statue.


God is preparing the world stage for the Millennial Kingdom. We will reign there with Christ forever. Be ready--Jesus is Near!       (Dan. 7:27).

LEFT: Magazine espousing the typical

Euro-centric view of 'HALF' of the Roman Empire.

Both Prophecy & History are distorted in this view.


6. Just as the 2-sticks represent the restoration of the southern and northern halves of Israel at the End Time, so too do the 2-legs represent the revival of the Western and Eastern halves of the Roman Empire at the End Time. (Eze. 37:15-22; Dan. 2:43, 40) Nobody expects the restoration of half of Israel; nobody should expect the revival of half of the Roman Empire.

7. In the prophetic symbolism of Ezekiel 37’s two sticks and Daniel 2’s two-legged statue (see above, #6), there are 2-sticks, 2-legs, 2-feet and 10-toes. No one predicts the End Time appearance of only 1-stick, only 1-foot, or only 5-toes. Why then, the revival of only 1-leg? This Euro-centric view stands isolated from the 2-sticks, 2-feet and 10-toes expectation of precise fulfillment. Precise fulfillment is why I expect a revival of both the Western (European) and Eastern (Middle Eastern) legs of the Roman Empire in these Last Days.

8. Greece originally arose within the Greece/Athens European mainland. Rome did the same, within the Italy/Rome-city European mainland. But Daniel saw the Greek Empire at its greatest extent, from Europe to across the Middle East. So too did Daniel see the Roman Empire at its greatest extent, from Europe to across the Middle East. For THAT Roman Empire to revive at the End Time, both the Western and the Eastern legs must revive. Otherwise, we would be looking for the Half-Revived Roman Empire.

9. Daniel’s prophecies show that the Greek Empire would break into 4 parts. Daniel also predicts that the Roman Empire would break into 10 parts. History fulfilled the Greek prophecies precisely. Greece broke into 4 sub-kingdoms. But these 4 parts were all WITHIN the extended Greek Empire West-East territorial boundaries. If the Roman Empire prophecies follow the same pattern, the 10-parts would be within the recognizable territorial boundaries of the West-East Roman Empire, that is, European/West and Mid-Eastern/East. Today that translates into the European Union and the Middle Eastern States.


Here’s Why I Expect To See…

A Prominent Eastern “Leg” in these Last Days

1. The original Roman Empire’s Eastern-leg outlasted its Western-leg by 1000 years.

Essentials Of World History, Revised Ed., Jean Reeder Smith & Lacey Baldwin Smith, Barron’s Educational Series, Inc., Woodbury, NY, 1980, p.60

The birth of Christianity, Paul’s first 2 mission trips, and John’s letters to the 7 Churches of Revelation occurred in the Eastern-leg of the Roman Empire.

2. Daniel’s Statue is dominated by Eastern kingdoms.

Daniel 2 says that 6 EASTERN nations identified on the Statue (in this order, by their modern names; Iraq, Iran, & 4-part Greece/Egypt/Syria/Turkey; Dan. 2:38-40; 7:17; 8:20-22; 11:2-4)  will exist in the last days, and will not be destroyed until the destruction of the Revived Roman Empire at the Second Coming of Christ. (Daniel 2:35, 44; These are not just “kingdom-traits”, but a statement of the TIME of their destruction).

3. Revelation’s Beast is dominated by Eastern kingdoms.

Lion/Babylon; Bear/Persia; Leopard/Greece + 3 Mid-East “heads”, i.e., Turkey, Syria-Iraq, and Egypt. (a direct application of the KNOWN heads of Daniel 7's beasts to the Revelation 13 & 17 beast; Scripture interpreting Scripture!)

4. Israel, the earthly-focus of Bible Prophecy, is in the Eastern Leg.

Jerusalem and the Temple at the center of Israel—God’s land—are front and center in ALL End Time prophecies.



5. The “Bible Lands” arise at the End Time—in the Eastern Leg.

The Bible Lands, as mentioned, are in the Mideast. And it is this “Eastern-leg” of the Revived Roman Empire that dominates the narrative of End Time Bible Prophecy. Babylon-city in Iraq rises up for its final fall. The King of the North in Syria-Iraq arises. Egypt, the King of the South, is prominent. Expect Israel, Persia, Egypt, Assyria, Ammon, Edom, Moab, Asia Minor and all the Bible Lands to RISE UP!

6. Babylon, the capital of the Antichrist, is in the Eastern Leg.

(John Phillips, Exploring The Future, Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1983, p.54; Others who agree—Henry Morris, Mark Hitchcock, Joseph Seiss, etc)

7. The Euphrates River is in the Eastern Leg.

The Euphrates River is a Defining boundary and a Prominent landmark at the End Time (Revelation 9:14; 16:12)

8. The 2 Witnesses return from heaven into the Eastern Leg.

Revelation 11:3 & 8

9. The Kings of the East march into the Eastern Leg.

Revelation 16:12 & 16

10. The Kings of the Earth march into the Eastern Leg.

Zechariah 12:3; Joel 3:2; Revelation 16 & 19

11. The Antichrist invades the Eastern Leg.

Revelation 16:15-16; 19:19-20—It is TO THE EASTERN LEG that the Antichrist scrambles to Armageddon.

12. Christ returns to the earth & sets His foot down... Where?...the Mount of Olives in the Eastern Leg. 

Zechariah 14:4; It makes sense that Christ will return victorious to the same Eastern-leg of the Roman Empire that crucified Him

13. As a "Great Stone" Christ smashes--NOT a one-legged--but a TWO-legged West & EAST Revived Roman Empire.

    Daniel 2:44

CONCLUSION:  As we’ve seen, most prophecy writers talk of Rome as though it were strictly Europe.  They discuss the Revived Roman Empire as though it will develop exclusively within a European configuration.  The unification of Europe is of great significance, yes—but as the WESTERN LEG only.  Europe is not—& was not—the whole of the Roman Empire.  The statue of Daniel 2 shows two apparently equal halves, & the End Time prophecies consistently gravitate to the Eastern Leg.

Just as the Eastern-leg of the original Roman Empire was already in place when the ancient Empire began (see Part 2 below), so too is it likely that the Eastern-leg (the Mid East) will dominate the headlines of the last days BEFORE the Euro-Mideast Roman Empire is Revived. And, indeed, today’s headlines are dominated by those “Bible Lands.” 

The Western-leg is by no means silent ...but the Eastern-leg is indeed very, very prominent—a clear return to the Bible Lands in the last days. And the current clarity of the rise of the Eastern-leg gives focus to the impending End Time!




Revived Roman Empire

and the Prominence of the


Part 2


Daniel chapter 2’s vision of the Roman Empire is symbolized by the iron “legs” of the giant metallic statue. History bears out the understanding that the Roman Empire had a

1. Western-leg and,

2. an Eastern-leg

Ancient Rome was an Empire that incorporated two great halves—Europe (the Western-leg) and the Middle-East (the Eastern-leg). Bible prophecy foretells the revival of the Roman Empire in the Last Days. But what will the Revived Roman Empire look like? Will only the European leg be revived? Or will the Eastern leg also be revived?

A Revived Roman Empire limited to Europe is a Euro-centric Western Leg-only view. Likewise, a Revived Roman Empire limited to the Mid East is an Islamo-centric Eastern Leg-only view. Both views are “Half-Empire” views. But both Prophecy and history testify to a Rome-centric, 2-Leg Empire. While the Islamo-centric extreme is on the rise,  many prophecy teachers today assert the other extreme—the Euro-centric Revived Roman Empire.

One Website seeks to discredit the Islamo-centric extreme by claiming that Rome’s Eastern half was irrelevant until the Empire’s official division in 286 AD. Writing in a popular prophecy magazine, this Website says that the West-East division of the Roman Empire is not a factor in End Time Prophecy because Rome did not appear as a 2-part West-East Empire until long after 70 AD (the date of an event relating the Roman Empire’s connection to the Antichrist, Dan. 9:26). We quote the Website below,

Another idea ... is that the Roman Empire had both “Western” and “Eastern” components, and therefore the Antichrist could come from the Eastern wing which incorporates territory that is controlled today by Muslims.

While this was true in the later stages of the Empire, it was not true at the time of the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD. The emergence of the “Eastern” leg of the Roman Empire took place long after the destruction of the city and temple.

God has clearly revealed to us the ethnic origin of the Antichrist as spoken of in Daniel. We need to trust God, not “newspaper prophets.”

Chris Schang, Islamic Antichrist? “Three Strikes and You’re Out!”, The Lamplighter, Jul-Aug 2015,

That is a common yet glaring blunder, both prophetically and historically. Rome was a West-East Empire long before it officially enacted its West-East division in 286 AD. Rome gained its Eastern-leg when it established the province of Pergamon in Asia Minor in 133 BC. This is 200 years before the 70 AD date mentioned above. The Empire’s official enactment of a West-East division in 286 AD simply enabled the efficient administration of an already existing 300-year-old West-East territorial spread of Rome. Rome’s EASTERN-leg was long established before the birth of Christ.                                                                                                                                              

Here are some seldom acknowledged facts:

1. Rome’s Eastern-leg came FIRST (133 BC).

2. The Roman “Empire” came SECOND (31 BC).

3. This is explained by the fact that Rome was first a “Republic,” under which it gained Eastern territories. Only later did it become an Empire ruled by a single “Caesar,” the “Iron Empire” prophesied in Daniel 2.

4. Therefore Rome’s “Empire” stage BEGAN with both a Western-leg (Europe) and an Eastern-leg (Middle-East) already in existence.

5. This is exactly what is predicted by Daniel 2’s Statue where “iron” Rome BEGINS with TWO legs, not just one.

When did the EASTERN LEG Begin?

Atlas Of World History

[Rome’s] Expansion into the Middle East began in 133 [BC]...

Atlas Of World History, John Haywood, Fall River Press, New York, 2009, p.2.13.

Oxford Visualized World History

In 133 BC...Rome had acquired [territory] in the east as well as in the west. The Mediterranean had become a “Roman lake.”

Oxford Visualized World History,  Philip Dorf, Oxford Book Co., New York, 1958,   p. 47.

When did the ROMAN EMPIRE Begin?

Unger’s Bible Dictionary

The Battle of Actium in 31 BC resulted in Octavian, later called Augustus, becoming sole ruler. This marked the formal beginning of the Roman Empire [102 years after the establishment of the Eastern leg]… During his reign [31 BC-14 AD] Jesus was born and the New Testament era inaugurated.

UNGER’S BIBLE DICTIONARY, Merrill F. Unger, Moody Press, Chicago, IL, 1966, p.935.

Neither the Islamo-centric or the Euro-centric Revived Roman Empire is correct. Both amount to a one-legged Statue in Daniel 2. The authors cited below take great care with the consistent-Literal reading of Scripture and the clear record of history. When this is done, both the Western and Eastern legs of Daniel 2’s prophecy match the actual events of history and anticipate the full European/Middle Eastern span of the coming Revived Roman Empire.

Jesus & Paul were born in the

already established Eastern-leg

John F. Walvoord

“ the time of the first advent of Christ Rome already was geographically spread over the East and the West.  Prophetically it indicates that at the time of the end Rome again will involve both the East and the West.”

John F. Walvoord, Daniel, the Key to Prophetic Revelation, a Commentary, 1971, p.73.

William Graham Scroggie

“[Between the Old & New Testament periods] Rome became the World Power in the Middle East and West...Rome [had] unified the world...[and included] The intermixture of all races [by the time of Christ]

William Graham Scroggie, The Unfolding Drama Of Redemption, Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1982, Vol. 1 p.38, Vol. 2 p.65, 77.

Merrill Tenney

“ the time of the New Testament the entire civilized world...went under Rome. From the Atlantic Ocean on the west to the Euphrates River vast empire under ...“Augustus” (Luke 2:1) in the New Testament.”

Merrill Tenney, New Testament Survey, p.3,as quoted in Mal Couch, , Bible Handbook to the Acts Of The Apostles, Kregel Publications, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, p.202.

Renald Showers

God’s portrayal of Rome with two legs was very apt, for the ancient Roman Empire ruled extensive areas of both the western and eastern divisions of the world.

Renald Showers, The Most High God, A Commentary On The Book Of Daniel, The Friends Of Israel Gospel Ministry, Bellmawr, NJ, 1982, p.19.

Dave Hunt

The two legs in the image foretold the division of the fourth empire...into East and West…In fact it never did make sense to equate the revived Roman Empire with Western Europe because that was only a fraction of the ancient Roman Empire.

Dave Hunt, A Woman Rides the Beast, Harvest House, 1994, p.38; Dave Hunt, Global Peace, Harvest House, 1990, p.63.

The Iron & the Clay—Clash of Civilizations in the Revived Roman Empire?

Some object to an Eastern leg, believing a Muslim Middle East could never fit with “westernized” Europe. They say that would be a “CLASH OF CIVILIZATIONS.” But isn’t that exactly what the prophet Daniel foresaw?


"And in that you saw the feet and toes, partly of potter's clay and partly of iron, it will be a divided kingdom; but it will have in it the toughness of iron, inasmuch as you saw the iron mixed with common clay. "And as the toes of the feet were partly of iron and partly of pottery, so some of the kingdom will be strong and part of it will be brittle. "And in that you saw the iron mixed with common clay, they will combine with one another in the seed of men; but they will not adhere to one another, even as iron does not combine with pottery. (Dan. 2:41-43)


The Revived Roman Empire is symbolized in Daniel 2:41-43 as a mixture of IRON & CLAY cultures which exist at the End Time in a comingled, but segregated relationship.

The Roman Empire was the “IRON.” The “CLAY” is introduced into the Iron Empire, but cannot mix, or cleave, remaining divided from the IRON. (Dan. 2:43) This inability to intermix and assimilate signifies a Clash of Civilizations (“seed of men”, Dan. 2:43). The people and culture of Roman Heritage, and the people and culture of Muslim Heritage, though mixed & mingled together, cannot form a blended civilization. They remain divided by fundamental & irreconcilable world view differences. History and current events amply testify to that situation in both Europe and the Mid East. If this situation today is not Daniel’s IRON-CLAY final stage in the making, there will arise another scene that looks just like it. Watch for an Eastern Leg in the Revived Roman Empire.

The signs of our time show that Jesus is near, and the time is short. Read John 3:16 & BELIEVE! Salvation is a Free Gift because Jesus Christ, the Son of God, died for our sins. He then was resurrected on the third day from the dead to Life, and gives anyone who believes in Him Eternal Life. Accept your gift of Eternal Life in Jesus Christ today by believing in Him.                                                                                                

In the stage-setting fulfillment of the Revived Roman Empire above, we see the Lord's very real prophetic act of also fulfilling His personal promise that "I will be with you" throughout the life of a Believer. Even before we come to saving faith, we can review our life and realize that God has been with us in special, and sometimes critical, times.

Below...the quote from Psalm 23:6 agrees with many similar promise-prophecies, such as Hebrews 13:5, " I will never desert you, nor will I ever forsake you", which applies both to this life and eternal life. Joshua received a very similar prophecy in Joshua 1:5, and at the end of his life declared "not one word [of the Lord]...has failed" (23:14). It is the same for you. God is fulfilling His prophecy to be "WITH YOU."